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 Ludwig Van Beethoven

(1770 - 1827)


Biography

He was a German composer, one of the most significant figures in the history of music.  He spent his youth in Bonn, his native town.

In 1792, he moved to Vienna and became a pupil of J. G. Albrecthsberg, A. Salieri and J. Haydn. He owes most of his success to his tireless pursuit of self-education.

In 1795, he began giving public performances as a pianist and published his first work. He was patronised by some noblemen (some of them were his pupils) who took care of all his needs for a long time.

Beethoven visited the Brunswick family in Martonvásár on several occassions. Ferenc Brunswick was one of those noblemen whose patronage of art and close friendship Beethoven was always able to rely on for his life time. The Brunswick girls met the maestro on a trip to Vienna in 1799. They took piano lessons from him and Beethoven made friends with them and with their brother, Ferenc. Beethoven had an affection for the girls as well and also for their niece Guilietta Guicciardi to whom he wrote the Moonlight Sonata. However the "Immortal Beloved" was not her but either Teresa or Josefin.

After 1800, his ear-disease worsened and it got so bad that by 1808 he was no longer able to give any more concerts. In 1818, he became deaf and withdrew from public life. He died of liver trouble on 24 March 1827.

Beethoven was the most subjective-voiced maestro of Viennese Classicism. He incorporated many great and noble ideas into his music. His works were influenced by the Enlightenment, classical German philosophy and the humanistic ideas of the French Revolution. His art addresses all of mankind not just a small circle of art connoisseurs.

 

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